P1.047 Effects of green tea on haloperidol-induced anxiety, tardive dyskinesia and central serotonin dopamine metabolism: a model study
Author: T. Malik and D.J. Haleem
Haloperidol (HAL) a conventional antipsychotic is known to induce oxidative stress-related anxiety. Parkinsonism and Tardive Dyskinesia (TD) in patients treated with drug. Antioxidative agents may suppress the neuroleptic induced anxiety and TD. The constituents of green tea have found antioxidative. In a view of antioxidative properties of green tea, the present study was designed to monitor a possible suppression of anxiety and Tardive Vacuous Chewing Movement (tVCM) by green tea in rat model of TD and anxiety. Associated changes of Dopamine (DA) and Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) metabolism were also monitored in the dorsal (dStr) and ventral striatum (vStr). Rats on HAL for 8 weeks exhibited tVCMs and anxiety. Green tea Extract (GTE) alone as a sole source of water did not produce tVCMs and anxiety but HAL induced significant anxiety and tVCMs were 100% (two fold) greater than water treated group. The metabolism of DA as indicated by Homovanellic acid (HVA) concentration increased in the dStr of HAL plus GTE treated animals. HAL plus GTE treated group exhibited smaller increase of HVA. The mteabolism of 5-HT as indicated by 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) concentration also increased in the dStr of HAL but not GTE treated animals. Groups of co-treated with HAL and GTE exhibited a large increase 5 HIAA in the dStr. The results suggested that interaction of HAL with some constituents of GTE may exacerbated HAL induced anxiety and TD by producing an imbalance of DA/5-HT control over anxiety and motor impairment.