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Influence of diet enriched with green tea on innate humoral and cellular immune response of kelp grouper (Epinephelus bruneus) to Vibrio carchariae infection

Influence of diet enriched with green tea on innate humoral and cellular immune response of kelp grouper (Epinephelus bruneus) to Vibrio carchariae infection

Author: Ramasamy Harikrishnan and Chellam Balasundaram and Moon-Soo Heo

Effect of diet enriched with green tea at 0, 0.01, 0.1 or 1.0% levels on immune responses such as non-specific humoral (lysozyme, antiprotease and complement) and cellular (myeloperoxidase content, production of reactive oxygen, and nitrogen species) and disease resistance on week 1, 2 or 4 in kelp grouper Epinephelus bruneus challenged with Vibrio carchariae(2.47 × 108 CFU ml−1) was quantified. At all doses green tea supplementation significantly enhanced the serum lysozyme activity from weeks 1 to 4. On the other hand, after week 2 the serum hemolytic complement activity, leucocyte myeloperoxidase content and reactive nitrogen species protection significantly increased in groups fed with 0.01 and 0.1% green tea supplementation diets. The serum antiprotease activity significantly increased in group fed with at 1.0% green tea from week 1 to 4. However, all diets except at 0.01% level resulted in a significant decrease in reactive oxygen species protection during the experimental period. Challenged groups fed with green tea enriched diet at 0.01 and 0.1% level had a higher relative percent survival than with 1.0% diet on week 1, 2 or 4. The results suggest that dietary administration of green tea supplementation at a concentration of 0.01 and 0.1% level positively enhances the non-specific humoral and cellular immune responses and disease resistance of kelp grouper E. bruneus to V. carchariae.

 

 

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